The process of building an ancient civilization


Contemporary man feels nostalgia for the past, and because of this instinct, he is keen to pay attention to civilization and the effects left by the ancients.

 Nostalgia for the past

                   This topic is mainly concerned with the attempt to establish a modern replica reconstruction of a 65-meter-long part  of the wall city of Ḫattuša

It contains  mud bricks with defensive towers built at distances ranging between 20:25 meters, this reconstructed portion is located on the ruins of the original Hittite foundations, Hattusha was the capital of the Hittite Empire in the second millennium BC, and is located on the heights of  a slope of a mountain barrier, the walls of the rock chambers are covered with the richest and most striking samples of Hittite relief art, featuring gods and goddesses and the figures of the Great King Tuthaliya IV.
new rebuilt Hattusha

Origin of the Hittites

The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) were an Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing first a kingdom in Kussara before 1750 BC, then the Kanesh or Nesha kingdom (c. 1750–1650 BC), and next an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1650 BC.

The Hittites formed an ancient civilization near the east, located in what is now the modern state of Turkey, between 1640 and 1200 BC, the ancient history of the Hittites is known from cuneiform inscriptions on flaming clay tablets recovered from the capital of the Hittite Empire, Hattusha, near the present-day village of Boğazköy

Hattusha was an ancient city when the Hittite king "Anita" conquered it and its capital in the eighteenth century BC. Emperor "Hattuseli III" expanded the city between 1265 and 1235 BC, before it was destroyed at the end of the Hittite period about 1200 BC.

After the collapse of the Hittite Empire, the Phrygians occupied Hattusha, but in the provinces of northwestern Syria and southeastern Anatolia, the new Hittite city-states appeared. These Iron Age kingdoms are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible

A carbonized layer apparent in excavations attests to the burning and ruin of the city of Hattusa around 1700 BC, the responsible party appears to have been King Anitta from Kussara, who took credit for the act and erected an inscribed curse for good measure:

The discovery of Hattusha was important to understanding the Hittite civilization, the oldest evidence of the Hittites is found in Syria. The Hittites, described in the Hebrew Bible as a purely Syrian nation, therefore, until the discovery of Hattusha, it was believed that the Hittites were Syrians. Excavations at Hattusha in Turkey revealed the power and complexity of the massive Hittite empire, and the depth of Hittite civilization centuries before the cultures now called the Neo-Hittites were mentioned in the Bible.

  This image regarding the gate of Hattusha 

the gate of Hattushia

Post a Comment