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Esarhaddon

 

Aššur-aḫa-iddina, meaning "Ashur has given me a brother"; Biblical Hebrew: אֵסַר־חַדֹּן ʾĒsar-Ḥadōn) was the king of the Neo-Assyrian empire from the death of his father Sennacherib in 681 BC to his own death in 669.

Naqi'a or Naqia (Akkadian: Naqī'a), also known as Zakutu (Zakūtu), was a wife of the Assyrian king Sennacherib ( r. 705–681 BC) and the mother of his son and successor Esarhaddon (r. 681–669).

 

 the beginning of Esarhaddon

Esarhaddon was one of the great kings of Assyria, his mother was able to influence his father to make him the crown prince as his successor and ascended the throne in 681 BC, following an internal conspiracy in the royal court led by his brother Arda Moleso, whose father Sennacherib was the victim.


Esarhaddon

But Esarhaddon confronted the conspirators, defeated his brothers and declared himself king, then Esarhaddon reconsidered of  his father's policy towards Babylon, which he had destroyed, he constructed it, appeased its priests, and built many temples there, by virtue of his friendly relations with Babylon when he was crown prince, he was able to reconcile between the two capitals, Babylon and Assyria. 

the capital of his kingdom the city of Kalkho

Esarhaddon chose the city of Kalkho (Nimrod) to be the capital of his kingdom, and as historians mention that he was fond  of urbanism like his predecessors, as he built many temples, and did not neglect building palaces, but he did not pay the sculptors much attention.

Kalkho city

 his palace

 a palace belonging to the Assyrian King Esarhaddon was found at the bottom of the site of the Prophet Yunus in Mosul, noting that the palace includes important gold treasures and monuments dating back to the Assyrian era.
remains of Esarhaddon's palace

On the contrary, what was said about the lack of interest in building statues in his time, and as is clear in the picture, this palace contains statues. 

his wars 

 Esarhaddon had long wanted to eliminate his main enemy, Taharqa, the Kushites king, who had tightened his control over Egypt, the enemies of the Assyrian state, including kings and princes in Palestine, Syria, and Phoenicia, are waiting for the appropriate opportunity to get rid of the tyrannical rule and influence of Assyria, but after they were able to absorb it on the Syrian coast, they directed a war against Taharqa in Egypt. 

On his way to Egypt, Esarhaddon was able to subjugate all the Levant, and after seizing the city (Memphis), he withdrew from it back to Syria.

 

In the north and east, Esarhaddon continued his conquests to eliminate the enemies of the ruling tribes in both Persia and the Caucasus Mountains.

In the north and east, Esarhaddon continued his conquests to eliminate the enemies of the ruling tribes in both Persia and the Caucasus Mountains.

 

 


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